Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City.
Mexico not only stands out for its impressive culture but also for its large number of buildings with high architectural and historic value. One of them is the Palacio de Bellas Artes, the most representative cultural icon in Mexico City.
By 1987, the Mexican government declared it an artistic monument of the nation and, since then, its importance within the territory has been growing.
It has become a space, as the name implies, dedicated to art. Inside it, there are various stages and rooms for the practice and exhibition of works. Among which are:
– Palacio de Bellas Artes Museum: this is the oldest space in the country dedicated to national plastic production. Within it, 17 mural works by seven national artists are permanently exhibited, including Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and José Clemente Orozco. All executed between 1928 and 1963.
– National Museum of Architecture: here it is intended to exhibit and disseminate the values related to modern architecture and urban planning in Mexico. There are temporary exhibitions of Mexican architects in order to make the public aware of everything related to the architectural heritage of the country.
Similarly, it is home to the National Symphony Orchestra, the National Opera Company (Opera de Bellas Artes), the National Dance Company and the Folkloric Ballet of Mexico of Amalia (Ballet Folklórico de México de Amalia).
The Italian architect Adamo Boari was responsible for its construction but it suffered interruptions due to political events. Then, Federico E. Mariscal was commissioned to conclude it.
For this reason, we can see two influences in terms of design, art nouveau and art deco. When you appreciate its architecture, you can realize how, along with the undulation and sensuality of art nouveau, geometric elements and a greater aesthetic “rationalism” appear. All this expresses the political and cultural turn of Mexico while defending its nationalism.
Av. Juárez S/N, Centro Histórico de la Cdad. de México, Centro, Cuauhtémoc, 06050 Ciudad de México, CDMX