Hemicycle of Juarez in Mexico City near Alameda Central Park.
Hemicycle of Juarez is a funerary monument and an empty tomb, from the Neoclassical period, which commemorates a famous Mexican statesman, Benito Juárez. It’s located in Mexico City, Mexico; and at the center, it shows a pedestal that has an inscription “Al benemerito Benito Juárez, la Patria”, which is translated to “To the meritorious Benito Juárez, the homeland”. This impressive monument is made of Carrara marble.
Like a lot of monuments on the Mexican land, this was also heavily influenced by the Greek style and myths. Thus, the Hemicycle of Juarez basically consists of a semicircle of columns that show the Doric style, which support an entablature and frieze structure. Likewise, two golden spikes stand at either side of the memorial.
This representation began to be built at the centennial of the birth of its represented character, Benito Juárez, in 1906. Porfirio Díaz was the one responsible to assign the engineers dedicated to doing the job, whereas the sculptures were made by the Italian artist, Alessandro Lazzerini; and it was completely finished in September 1910.
When referring to said sculptures specifically, they can be seen in the center of the semicircle. One of them shows an allegory of the homeland that crowns Benito Juárez with a laurel wreath, and the other represents an eagle with open wings on a chair. Both of these representations manifest Greek and Mexican culture, combining important national and historical aspects.
Undoubtedly, the Benito Juárez Hemicycle is a representation of the country’s respect for said character, and it’s also a manifestation of gratefulness towards his actions for the Mexican people. Because of that, he has been awarded a monument that shows the uttermost respect by its artistic characterizations, such as the use of the gold, the crowning with laurels and the presence of an eagle. Finally, the inscription that explicitly shows the dedication of the Homeland to Juárez is the last way to show admiration for his work.
Attending the ceremony were the ambassadors of the United States, Argentina, Guatemala, and Spain; In addition, the poet Luis G. Urbina declared a poem. The place is a meeting point for chilangos(Mexicans born and raised in CDMX) and tourists, for marches and marathons, and the scene of various artistic events.
It is temporarily closed for repairs, as it was damage in various protests.