Angel of Independence on Avenida Paseo de la Reforma in Mexico City.
The Angel of Independence is widely known in Mexico for its history of representing the country’s independence. It shows a big statue of the goddess Victory holding a laurel wreath and broken chains.
With more than 45 meters long, it’s bigger than other statues around the world that have been made for the same purpose. At the same time, it has been compared to victory’s column in Berlin, Germany.
When talking specifically about its components, the statue shows a winged Victory goddess, who holds a laurel wreath, historically knowing for congratulating the heroes by crowning them with it.
She holds the crown on her right arm, whereas on the left she has a broken chain of three pieces, which symbolizes the country’s three centuries of being dependent on the Spanish reign.
This is the monument’s part that’s specifically known as the Angel of Independence, because of its big, spread wings dressed in gold.
Because of practical reasons, the statue is built from east to west orientation.
Likewise, beneath the statue, there is a door, which accesses a 0,80 meters terrace that surrounds the monument and guards it. At the same time, the said terrace has a bronze fence with the letters “R.M.”, which stands for “República Mexicana” (Mexican Republic).
Finally, at the feet of Victory, other people are also represented. At the center stands a priest, Miguel Hidalgo, who is offered by the Muse of History a laurel wreath.
Beneath them, on an inferior level, José María Morelos, Francisco Xavier Mina, Nicolás Bravo, and Vicente Guerrero stand up as well.
Overall, the amazing monument has an incredible construction and design, but the more important part of it is the astounding historical references that it shows the bystanders.
It represents one of the most important historical facts of the Mexican history and doing so it combines aspects of Greek mythology and Mexico’s own important characters.
Angel of Independence, the four seated statues
There are 4 seated statues located in each corner of the base and representing: La Paz (Peace), La Ley(Law), La Guerra(War), and La Justicia(Justice), as follows:
La Paz (Peace): Melchor of Talamantes. Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos. and Marquis of San Juan de Rayas on one side and Pedro Ascencio, José Joaquín de Herrera and Miguel Barragán on the other side.
La Guerra (War): Mariano Jiménez, Leonardo Bravo and Pedro Moreno on one side and Encarnación Ortiz, Víctor Rosales and José Antonio Torres on the other
La Justicia (Justice): Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra, Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi. And Carlos María de Bustamante. on one side and José María Cos, José María Liceaga, and Andrés Quintana Roo, on the other side.
La Ley (Law): Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, Leona Vicario Fernández de San Salvador, and Mariana Rodríguez del Toro de Lazarín. On one side and José Mariano de Michelena, Epigmenio González and Antonio Ferrer on the other.
The original head of the Angel was damaged in an earthquake in 1957. It is now located at the Historic Center.
You can visit the House of the Counts of Heras y Soto, constructed in 1776, where the original head of the Angel of Independence is located, which was owned by the Count of Heras y Soto, one of the signers of the Independence Act in 1821.
This building is located in the Historic Center of Mexico City, in the Republic of Chile corner with Donceles and currently houses the Historical Archives of the City.
Unfortunately, due to protests in, demonstrations, and vandalism done in 2019, part of this monument is closed due to reconstruction and restoration.